Manufacturers

Yellow Triangle (Anti Nazi Jewish Brooch)

Yellow Triangle (Anti Nazi Jewish Brooch)

In the Nazi death camps prisoners were marked with coloured stars and triangles to show their classification. Never again.

More details


£1.25

Availability: we've got plenty!

 

The system of classifying prisoners through the use of triangles (winkels) originated before the war in the concentration camps in Germany. In Auschwitz, they were implemented with certain modifications, but were not used at all for some groups of prisoners. 

Red triangles marked “political prisoners (Schutzhäftlinge – Sch.), in other words, those who were imprisoned on the basis of a “protective custody order” (Schutzhaftbefehl) issued by a state police post. The political prisoners in Auschwitz were, above all, Poles.

Green triangles marked “criminal” prisoners (Berufsverbrecher - BV), imprisoned as a direct consequence of committing a forbidden act, or after release from prison in cases where the criminal police regarded the sentence imposed by the court as too lenient. Prisoners in this category were mostly Germans.

Black triangles marked “asocial” prisoners (Asoziale - Aso), imprisoned in theory for vagrancy or prostitution, but in fact for a wide range of other deeds or behaviors, loosely and arbitrarily interpreted by the police. The Roma in the Birkenau “Gypsy camp” were classified as asocial. 

Purple triangles marked prisoners imprisoned for belonging to the Jehovah’s Witnesses (Internationale Bibelforscher-Vereinigung - IBV), regarded as enemies of the state because of their pacifistic beliefs.

Pink triangles marked homosexual prisoners, in practice exclusively German, who were imprisoned on the basis of   §175 of the German criminal code. 

In practice, Jews made up a separate prisoner category in Auschwitz. They were usually registered as “politicals”; the camp records contain extremely rare instances of Jews in other categories. At first, they were marked with an inverted red triangle overlapping a yellow triangle to form a Star of David shape; later, the red triangle was overlain with a narrow yellow rectangular stripe. Jewish prisoners transported to Auschwitz in 1944 and held temporarily in the so-called “transit camps” did not obtain either camp numbers or triangles. 

 

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • The Yeast of Your Worries
  • Deep Ecology and Anarchism New Edition
The Yeast of Your Worries
A Yeast Infection Survival Handbook
Read more
Deep Ecology and Anarchism New Edition
For the anarchist movement, the 1990s saw a period of defence against...
Read more
And All Around Was Darkness
The latest - and probably best so far - of the anarcho punk literary...
Read more
Changing Anarchism Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age
Changing Anarchism Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age edited...
Read more
Anarchism and Utopianism
Anarchism and Utopianism edited by Laurence Davis and Ruth Kinna
Read more
Tear Down The Walls by John Bowden
A Leeds ABC pamphlet  from 2008 with an introduction by Mark Barnsley
Read more
Working Women and Their Organisations by Joyce Maupin
A history of women in the U.S. trade union movement.
Read more
Bald Cactus *31
The 2014 issue of the long running Uk punk zine Bald Cactus.
Read more
The Autonomous Life? by Nazima Kadir
The autonomous life? Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the...
Read more
X Music as a Weapon X
SXE zine including interviews for 7 Generations, Anchor, Giant, Hello...
Read more
Black Flags and Social Movements
Black flags and social movements, A sociological analysis of movement...
Read more
The Politics of Attack by Dr M. Loadenthal
The politics of attack, Communiqués and insurrectionary violence by Dr...
Read more
Anarchy in Athens
Anarchy in Athens An ethnography of militancy, emotions and violence  by...
Read more
Fight Back, Punk, Politics and Resistance
Fight back, Punk, politics and resistance edited by the Subcultures...
Read more
Critical Self-Theory
Towards an Anarchist critical Theory of the Self and Society by Jason...
Read more
Words of a Rebel: Origins and Development
Words of a Rebel: Origins and Development Author:  Kropotkin, Peter...
Read more
Mutual Aid: A Factor Of Evolution by Peter Kropotkin
The Black Rose version of this classic with an introduction by Woodcock. 
Read more
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control 1917-1921
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control 1917-1921 by Maurice Brinton
Read more
The Anarchism of Jean Grave: Editor, Journalist and Militant
Traces the controversies and convictions that shaped the life and career...
Read more
Evolution and Environment by Peter Kropotkin
Evolution and Environment by Peter Kropotkin edited and introduced by...
Read more

» All new products