Manufacturers

Black Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Anti Socials, Lesbians et al)

Black Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Anti Socials, Lesbians et al)

Black triangles for  "the asocial category was not exclusively lesbian; it was a diverse grouping that included prostitutes, vagrants, murderers, thieves, and those who violated laws prohibiting sexual intercourse between Aryans and Jews."

More details


£1.25

Availability: This product is no longer in stock

 

The fact that the pink triangle is regarded as a symbol of gay and lesbian liberation is disturbing because pink triangles were exclusively worn by those men the Nazis had identified as gay. By contrast, "The average lesbian enjoyed a kind of legal immunity" (Plant, 1986, p. 27). This was not the result of a greater acceptance of lesbianism. Rather, love between women was so intolerable that lesbian existence had been vociferously denied. Later, in 1910, measures to criminalize lesbians were considered but then promptly abandoned. Feminist opposition proved politically effective (Faderman & Eriksson, 1990, p. xv; Steakley, 1975, p. 42). Consequently, paragraph 175 never extended to lesbians. Yet, as we will note below, male-dominated society would find "more suitable ways to suppress any kind of female independence" (Fernbach, 1980, p. 10 [my emphasis]). 

 most effective way to render lesbians powerless was to sever their connection(s) to other women. With the rise of Nazism, lesbian meeting places and private homes were raided and their visibility was concealed (Faderman & Eriksson, 1990, p. xx).  "Lesbians," writes Irene Reti, "were among those women imprisoned as asocials considered a threat to German society before 1939" (1993, p. 95).  All asocials were identified through black down-turned triangles. These detainees "were considered stupid, unable to communicate, lacking the courage to stand up for a brother [sic]" (Plant, 1986, p. 160). The SS "despised" them because "the color of their triangles was an insult to their own black uniforms" (Plant, 1986, p. 160).

It is politically significant that the asocial category was not exclusively lesbian; it was a diverse grouping that included prostitutes, vagrants, murderers, thieves, and those who violated laws prohibiting sexual intercourse between Aryans and Jews. Precisely because the asocial group was so heterogeneous, lesbians were not as readily identifiable as were gay men whose pink marking exclusively signified their homosexuality. Universalizing the pink triangle today renders lesbians almost as invisible as the black triangles did in the past. Failure to appreciate this obscures some vital aspects of fascist history.

 

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • Romantic Rationalist: A William Godwin Reader
  • Breaking the Spell: A History of Anarchist Filmmakers, Videotape Guerrillas, and Digital Ninjas
Romantic Rationalist: A William Godwin Reader
This handy collection of Godwin’s key writings in a clear and concise...
Read more
Breaking the Spell: A History of Anarchist Filmmakers, Videotape Guerrillas, and Digital Ninjas
Breaking the Spell offers the first full-length study that charts the...
Read more
Wielding Words like Weapons: Selected Essays in Indigenism, 1995–2005 by Ward Churchill
Wielding Words like Weapons is a collection of acclaimed American Indian...
Read more
Pacifism as Pathology
Pacifism as Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in...
Read more
Against Doom: A Climate Insurgency Manual
Against Doom: A Climate Insurgency Manual tells how to put strategy into...
Read more
Rad Families: A Celebration
Rad Families: A Celebration honors the messy, the painful, the playful,...
Read more
Out of the Ruins
Out of the Ruins: The Emergence of Radical Informal Learning Spaces...
Read more
Catechism of the Revolutionist by Sergei Nechayev
How to run a revolution hardcore style from the era of Bakunin et al....
Read more
The Green One
Paul Cadenec produces a book of poetry.
Read more
Maximum Rocknroll *411 Aug 2017
Pinoy Punk Special featuring the SF Bay Area’s Aklasan Fest, Manila...
Read more
Veganarchy, Chaos and Destruction
A totally DIY zine dedicated to veganism. This first riotous episode...
Read more
Training for Exploitation?
Politicising Employability and Reclaiming Education by the Precarious...
Read more
The Red Flag of Anarchy
A history of Socialism and Anarchism in Sheffield 1874-1900 by Andrew Lee.
Read more

» All new products