Mapuche solidarity sticker

Mapuche solidarity sticker

Solidarity with the Mapuche people. An indigenous people of South America still fighting against colonialisation, extermination and for their land rights.

More details


The Mapuche nation is situated in what is known as the Southern Cone of South America, in the area now occupied by the Argentine and Chilean states. In Chile the Mapuche live mainly in the provinces of Bio-Bio, Arauco, Malleco, Cautin, Valdivia, Osorno, Llanquihue and Chiloe. As a result of population growth and hence overcrowding in indigenous reservations, the majority of Mapuche people now live in the large urban centres of Santiago, Concepción, Valparaíso, Temuco and Valdivia. In Argentina the Mapuche live in the provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Neuquén, Rio Negro and Chubut. The Mapuche population in Argentina has grown to around two hundred and fifty thousand. In the Chilean population census of 1992, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics, approximately one million people surveyed declared themselves to be Mapuche.

The Mapuche nation is situated in its historical ancestral territory, the Wall-Mapu: Wall; universe, Mapu; land/territory. Mapuche territorial entities are arranged along geographical lines in the following way: Puel mapu: the eastern lands (Pampa and Patagonia of Argentina), the territorial space of the Puelche. Pikun-mapu: the northern lands, the territorial space of the pikunche. Willi mapu: the southern lands, the territorial space of the williche. Pewen mapu: the land of the pewen (araucaria imbricata), the territorial space of the pewenche. Lafken mapu: the land of the sea, the territorial space of the lafkenche. Nag mapu: the land of the plains, the territorial space of the nagche. Wente mapu: the land of the valleys, the territorial space of the wenteche. In line with their territorial origin the Mapuche define themselves as: Puelche: people of the east; Pikunche; people of the north; Williche: people of the south; Pewenche: people of the pewen; Lafkenche: people of the sea, Nagche: people of the plains; or Wenteche: people of the valleys. 

The traditional political structure of the Mapuche people is reproduced within the structure of the Mapuche territorial entity. It is organised into four geographical regions or Meli wixan-mapu. Each wixan-mapu is made up of aylla rewe (eight districts) which, in turn, are made up of communities known as lof.

The lof or community is represented by the lonko (male or female) who is the head of the group of authorities that have traditionally been responsible for the destiny of the community. This group includes the machi (the spiritual guide or doctor); the Werrken (the spokesperson, ambassador or messenger); the Ngenpin (the fiscal representative, master of ceremony and historian) and the Ñidol (the instructor of laws and codes of practice). All members of the meli wixan- mapu are responsible for upholding the legal judgements passed by the Ad-mapu or the code of practice, which regulates and punishes their conduct and responsibility before the community.

Despite the assimilationist efforts of the dominant Chilean society, the Mapuche people have managed to preserve their traditional language (mapudungun), their religion and the socio-political structure which regulates life on the indigenous reserves where they have been forced to live since the beginning of the twentieth century. Their identity as an autonomous nation together with their awareness of being part of a distinct cultural and historic heritage and spirituality has created a socio-political movement which draws on communal aspirations. 

On the 6th January 1641 the Mapuche nation and the Spanish Empire concluded and signed the treaty of Killin, in which the Spanish Crown recognised the territorial autonomy of the Mapuche nation. From this date, for more than two centuries, the Bío-Bío river was respected as a natural frontier and the lands to the south of this boundary as territory of the Mapuche nation in full exercise of its right to self-determination.

This event, without parallel in the history of the indigenous peoples of South America, was the result of the failure of the Spanish Crown to defeat the Mapuche nation on the battlefield. The signing of the treaty of Killin, in addition to the 28 subsequent treaties signed with the Mapuche nation during two centuries of diplomatic relations, makes the Mapuche stand out in the history of the indigenous peoples of South America. This is because they are the first and only indigenous nation on the continent, whose sovereignty and autonomy was legally recognised.

Between 1860-1885, as a result of a joint military campaign in the Southern Cone, known as the "Pacification of Araucania" in Chile, and the "Conquest of the Desert" in Argentina, around 100,000 Mapuche were cruelly massacred. And what one must also consider is that -in an undeclared war- the Argentine and Chilean states got away with the flagrant violation of international law by not respecting a border frontier recognised by an international power. The subsequent military occupation of Mapuche territory and the deportation of its inhabitants to indigenous reservations are proof of yet another outrage committed against international law.

The confiscation of land and the forced relocation onto indigenous reservations of the Mapuche people who had survived the war, was carried out by the Chilean and Argentinean states with the clear intention of exterminating the Mapuche both physically and culturally. For decades thousands of Mapuche were exiled and their traditional authorities persecuted.

At the beginning of the 1990s, despite the return to democracy in both Chile and Argentina, it can unfortunately be argued that the situation has changed very little for the Mapuche people. 

Nowadays -in both countries- the Mapuche continue to be a people who socially and politically suffer the consequences of repression and the imposition of assimilationist policies. The ethnocidal policy systematically applied by the military regimes against indigenous peoples continues to this day, demonstrated by the violation of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. Governments consistently refuse to recognise the validity of the international accords for the promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous peoples. We would like to draw attention to the fact that the Chilean state have failed to ratify these international laws.

However, as the press has frequently testified, the Mapuche nation is growing in population terms, getting stronger and continuing with more vitality than ever. The Mapuche persist in demanding respect for their rights as a people, the return of their lands, and justice and freedom. 

Reynaldo Mariqueo
Jorge Calbucura

2nd September, 2002



No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • The Yeast of Your Worries
  • Deep Ecology and Anarchism New Edition
The Yeast of Your Worries
A Yeast Infection Survival Handbook
Read more
Deep Ecology and Anarchism New Edition
For the anarchist movement, the 1990s saw a period of defence against...
Read more
And All Around Was Darkness
The latest - and probably best so far - of the anarcho punk literary...
Read more
Changing Anarchism Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age
Changing Anarchism Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age edited...
Read more
Anarchism and Utopianism
Anarchism and Utopianism edited by Laurence Davis and Ruth Kinna
Read more
Tear Down The Walls by John Bowden
A Leeds ABC pamphlet  from 2008 with an introduction by Mark Barnsley
Read more
Working Women and Their Organisations by Joyce Maupin
A history of women in the U.S. trade union movement.
Read more
Bald Cactus *31
The 2014 issue of the long running Uk punk zine Bald Cactus.
Read more
The Autonomous Life? by Nazima Kadir
The autonomous life? Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the...
Read more
X Music as a Weapon X
SXE zine including interviews for 7 Generations, Anchor, Giant, Hello...
Read more
Black Flags and Social Movements
Black flags and social movements, A sociological analysis of movement...
Read more
The Politics of Attack by Dr M. Loadenthal
The politics of attack, Communiqués and insurrectionary violence by Dr...
Read more
Anarchy in Athens
Anarchy in Athens An ethnography of militancy, emotions and violence  by...
Read more
Fight Back, Punk, Politics and Resistance
Fight back, Punk, politics and resistance edited by the Subcultures...
Read more
Critical Self-Theory
Towards an Anarchist critical Theory of the Self and Society by Jason...
Read more
Words of a Rebel: Origins and Development
Words of a Rebel: Origins and Development Author:  Kropotkin, Peter...
Read more
Mutual Aid: A Factor Of Evolution by Peter Kropotkin
The Black Rose version of this classic with an introduction by Woodcock. 
Read more
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control 1917-1921
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control 1917-1921 by Maurice Brinton
Read more
The Anarchism of Jean Grave: Editor, Journalist and Militant
Traces the controversies and convictions that shaped the life and career...
Read more
Evolution and Environment by Peter Kropotkin
Evolution and Environment by Peter Kropotkin edited and introduced by...
Read more

» All new products