Manufacturers

Black Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Anti Socials, Lesbians et al)

Black Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Anti Socials, Lesbians et al)

Black triangles for  "the asocial category was not exclusively lesbian; it was a diverse grouping that included prostitutes, vagrants, murderers, thieves, and those who violated laws prohibiting sexual intercourse between Aryans and Jews."

More details


£1.50

Availability: we've got plenty!

 

The fact that the pink triangle is regarded as a symbol of gay and lesbian liberation is disturbing because pink triangles were exclusively worn by those men the Nazis had identified as gay. By contrast, "The average lesbian enjoyed a kind of legal immunity" (Plant, 1986, p. 27). This was not the result of a greater acceptance of lesbianism. Rather, love between women was so intolerable that lesbian existence had been vociferously denied. Later, in 1910, measures to criminalize lesbians were considered but then promptly abandoned. Feminist opposition proved politically effective (Faderman & Eriksson, 1990, p. xv; Steakley, 1975, p. 42). Consequently, paragraph 175 never extended to lesbians. Yet, as we will note below, male-dominated society would find "more suitable ways to suppress any kind of female independence" (Fernbach, 1980, p. 10 [my emphasis]). 

 most effective way to render lesbians powerless was to sever their connection(s) to other women. With the rise of Nazism, lesbian meeting places and private homes were raided and their visibility was concealed (Faderman & Eriksson, 1990, p. xx).  "Lesbians," writes Irene Reti, "were among those women imprisoned as asocials considered a threat to German society before 1939" (1993, p. 95).  All asocials were identified through black down-turned triangles. These detainees "were considered stupid, unable to communicate, lacking the courage to stand up for a brother [sic]" (Plant, 1986, p. 160). The SS "despised" them because "the color of their triangles was an insult to their own black uniforms" (Plant, 1986, p. 160).

It is politically significant that the asocial category was not exclusively lesbian; it was a diverse grouping that included prostitutes, vagrants, murderers, thieves, and those who violated laws prohibiting sexual intercourse between Aryans and Jews. Precisely because the asocial group was so heterogeneous, lesbians were not as readily identifiable as were gay men whose pink marking exclusively signified their homosexuality. Universalizing the pink triangle today renders lesbians almost as invisible as the black triangles did in the past. Failure to appreciate this obscures some vital aspects of fascist history.

 

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • The counter-economy: Experiments of the anarchist movement
  • Wages for housework
The counter-economy: Experiments of the anarchist movement
Slovenia, SISA and Acerbic distribution 2019
Read more
Wages for housework
by Louise ToupinA history of an international feminist movement...
Read more
After Grenfell
Violence, resistance and responsePluto press 2019
Read more
Unlocking sustainable cities
A manifesto for real change by Paul ChattertonPluto Press 2019
Read more
To exist is to resist
Black Feminism in EuropeEd by Akwugo Emejulu and Francesca SobandePluto...
Read more
Staying Power
The history of black people in Britainby Peter FryerPluto Press 2018
Read more
Class Matters
Inequality and Exploitation in 21st Century Britain by Charles UmneyHow...
Read more
Fighting for spaces, fighting for our lives
Squatting movements todayEdited by the Squatting Everywhere Kollective
Read more
Gone to Croatan
Origins of North American drop out culture Ed by Ron Sakolsky and James...
Read more
Anarchist Speculations
Writing by John MooreArdent Press 2016
Read more
Second wave anarchy
Collection of essays in a pamphlet
Read more
Feral Iconoclasm
by Julian Langer2019
Read more
The Totality is Incomplete
by Alex Garrion Little Black Cart
Read more
Anarchist Cuba
Countercultural politics in the early 20th centuryby Kirwin Shaffer PM...
Read more
The slow burning fuse
The lost history of British anarchistsby John QuailPM/Freedom Press 2019
Read more
Libertarian Socialism
Politics in black and red by Alex Prichard, Ruth Kinna, Saku Pinta, and...
Read more
(H)afrocentric Comics
Volumes 1-4PM Press 2017
Read more
Birth strike
The Hidden Fight over Women’s Work by Jenny BrownPM Press 2019
Read more
Insurgent Supremacists
The U.S. Far Right’s Challenge to State and EmpirePM Press 2018
Read more
Savage Messiah
by Laura Grace Ford  Introduction by Mark Fisher Preface by Greil Marcus
Read more

» All new products