Manufacturers

Pink Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Homosexuals)

Pink Triangle (Anti Nazi Brooch for Homosexuals)

Pink triangles identified the thousands of gay men who were sent to concentration camps. This tie pin brooch commemorates them.

More details


£1.50

Availability: we've got plenty!

The Third Reich utilized a myriad of colored triangles to classify the various groups of peoples they interned in concentration camps.  The colors of the triangles were as follows: red for political dissidents, green for criminals, purple for Jehovah's Witnesses, blue for emigrants, brown for Gypsies, black for lesbians and other "anti-socials," and pink for homosexual men. The pink triangles symbolized the femaleness of this group of detainees whose masculinity was diminished within the context of Nazi heterosexism. Additionally, the pink triangles were generally larger than other triangles because the Nazis wished gay men to be especially visible (Rector, 1981). Jews, by contrast, were marked by six-pointed, yellow Stars of David within which the word "Jew" was inscribed.

 

Pink triangles identified the thousands of gay men who were sent to concentration camps as "175ers." The number 175 refers to the paragraph within the penal code, adopted in 1871, that criminalized male homosexuality. The law was later broadened by the Nazis in 1935 to include any form of "lewdness" between two men. This meant that "as little as a mere kiss or an embrace, or even fiction with homoerotic content" was a crime for which the "criminal" was to serve six months (Fernbach, 1980, p. 11). After 1936, homosexual men were deported to concentration camps, and while at no time were they sent en masse, as gay men, to the extermination camps of Auschwitz, few survived the concentration camps. Still, the persecution of gay men was never "wholesale or systematic" (Oosterhuis, 1991, p. 248). Unlike Jews, whose religious affiliation was routinely noted on birth certificates, or leftists, whose political sympathies were determined by party lists, gay men were not as readily identifiable. More importantly, "homosexuals were the only group . . . not singled out for immediate extermination in countries conquered by Nazis . . ." (Plant, 1986, p. 100). This was because Himmler believed that "homosexuality among subject peoples would hasten their . . . demise" (Plant, 1986, p. 99). Consequently, non-German homosexuals were often not punished as were their German counterparts. Indeed, during the Olympic Games of 1936, some Berlin gay bars were permitted to reopen and police were ordered not to bother foreign gay visitors (Plant, 1986, p. 110; Rector, 1981).

 regime's reaction to male homosexuality was not uncomplicated. Although male homosexuality was vigorously denounced and out(ed) gay men usually paid the penalty with their lives, homoeroticism was a central component of "male bonding" within the Reich's all-male paramilitary organizations (e.g., the brown-shirted SA, Sturmabteilung [storm troops], Hitler Youth, and even the elite black-uniformed SS, Schutzstaffel [defence echelon]).  When complaints of blatant homosexual behavior within the SA reached Hitler, he stated that the private lives of officers "cannot be an object of scrutiny unless it conflicts with basic principles of National Socialist ideology" (Plant, 1986, p. 61). It was only when the SA proved unruly that Hitler demanded the killing of his gay SA chief Ernst Rohm and the immediate expulsion of other gay men from the SA and the Nazi party. Nonetheless, homoeroticism continued to characterize the nationalist propaganda that fueled the movement (Theweleit, 1987). "Some homosexual artists even enjoyed the protection of Nazi functionaries" (Oosterhuis, 1991, p. 248). Moreover, even the interactions that Hitler had with his immediate subordinates were tinged with an element of the homoerotic. Hermann Göring once said of Hitler, "Every time I face him, my heart falls into my trousers" (Leidholdt, 1983, p. 21). Throughout the reign of the Third Reich, many distinguished gay men lived undisturbed in Germany while thousands of others perished in concentration camps.

 

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • All of me
  • Crippled
All of me
Stories of Love, Anger, and the Female Body. edited by Dani Burlison. PM...
Read more
Crippled
Austerity and the demonization of disabled people. By Frances Ryan....
Read more
Between earth and empire
From the Necrocene to the Beloved Community. John P Clark. PM Press 2019
Read more
The Prisoner's Herbal
by Nicole Rose. A guide to using herbs in prison to support health....
Read more
The Prisoner's Herbal - solidarity price
by Nicole Rose. A guide to using herbs in prison to support health....
Read more
Overcoming Burnout
by Nicole Rose, Active Publishing 2019
Read more
Caught in the net
Return Fire 4 (supplement)- notes from an era of cybernetic delirium
Read more
An anarchist critique of democracy
Moxie Marlinpart and Windy HartFrom audioanarchy radio
Read more
Against identity politics
Spectres, joylessness, and the contours of ressentimentby Lupus Dragonowl
Read more
Bakunin Brand Vodka
Anarchism in early punk 1976-1980
Read more
Primal Screamer
The famous semi autobiographical novel from Rudimentary Peni singer,...
Read more
Something should be done
An anarchist's adventures in trade unionismA6 pocketbookPeter GoodActive...
Read more
Great Anarchists 8 Lucy Parsons
A series of short introductions to classic anarchist thinkers and...
Read more
Great Anarchists 7, Proudhon
A series of short introductions to classic anarchist thinkers and...
Read more
Desert
Active reprint of this classic text In our hearts we all know the world...
Read more
Beasts of Burden A6
Capitalism, animals and communism
Read more
Invisible a dairy of rough sleeping in Britain
by Andrew FraserEdited by Rob Ray Freedom 2019
Read more
A Beautiful Idea
History of the Freedom Press AnarchistsFreedom 2018
Read more
Our Masters are Helpless
by George Barrett, edited by Iain McKayFreedom 2019
Read more
The Anarchists in London 1935-55
Albert MeltzerMemoir, first published 1976Freedom Press 2018
Read more

» All new products