Manufacturers

Introducing Bakunin by Guy A. Aldred.

Introducing Bakunin by Guy A. Aldred.

Introducing Bakunin. Guy A. Aldred. Short introductory essay on Russian Anarchist  Mikhail Bakunin. Serves as a great taster to ‘Bakunin Parts 1 & 2’.

More details


£0.80

Availability: This product is no longer in stock

If one accepts the premise that politics exists only in relation to government, then to say an anarchist had a political theory is oxymoronic. Anarchists reject the validity of the state and governmental authority. In essence, the only political theory any anarchist can have is the destruction of government; any of the anarchist's ideas about what should come about after the destruction of the state cannot properly be called political theory. These ideas are closer to theories about post-governmental social organizations than to political theories. Anarchists seek, not to implement political theories, but to make them obsolete. But their ideas about how to make political theories obsolete, are themselves political theories.

The inherent contradiction in anarchism -- that government must be destroyed and then replaced without the creation of an authoritative body -- has led to misinterpretations of what anarchy is. Anarchy is not a theory that preaches chaos. The closest anarchist theory comes to chaos, is nihilism. Nihilists believe that all forms of compulsory organization should be destroyed and once they are destroyed mankind's natural form of organization will emerge. Even this is not chaos, for it is assumed that there will be some sort of organization. Most anarchists do have some idea of what will come after the destruction of the state and governments. Though it is not proper to call these ideas political theories, that is what best describes what they are. They are theories about how society will be run without government and for lack of a better term -- non-political theory? -- political theory is closest to what they propose. The most famous anarchist was Michael Alexandrovich Bakunin.


Introduction

Michael Alekxandrovich Bakunin (1814-1876) was one of the most interesting political thinkers of the Nineteenth Century. Bakunin, though known more as a political activist than a theorist, did have what could be called a coherent political philosophy. It was a philosophy of anarchy; a theory in which there would be no politics as such because there would be no state. Bakunin argued that society should be built from the bottom up by means of voluntary organizations. For Bakunin, the state -- the organization of society from the top down -- was the ultimate evil. Before discussing Bakunin's political theory and the influences that helped him formulate it, it is necessary to briefly discuss what anarchy actually is.

Political anarchy is not chaos. Instead it is a philosophy that rejects organized authority and particularly the authority of the state. "All anarchists agree, however, on the need to dispense with compulsory forms of authority, . . . ". Anarchists believe that compulsory authority negates man's freedom. Bakunin's anarchy is much harsher than this; he sees organized authority as inherently evil and the principle of command as the devil itself. "If there is a devil in human history, that devil is the principle of command". Built upon the principle of command, the state is the ultimate evil and negation of humanity. "The State, therefore, is the most flagrant, the most cynical, and the most complete negation of humanity". Bakunin saw the state as a repulsive factory that destroyed everything in man that makes him human. "The State is like a vast slaughterhouse or an enormous cemetery, where all real aspirations, all the living force of a country enter generously and happily, . . . , to let themselves be slain and buried". Because the state robbed man of his humanity, to become human again, man must free himself from the state and the principle of command. Bakunin's version of anarchy is best summed up in his own words: "In a word, we reject all legislation, all authority, and all privileged, licensed and legal powers over us, . . . ".

Bakunin was not born an anarchist and did not always reject the power of the state. It is, therefore, necessary to briefly discuss Michael's life and the various influences that helped make him an anarchist. Due to the complexity of Michael's life, it is necessary first to briefly discuss the key moments in his political development and then to discuss the thinkers that helped shape his ideas. This is done to show that the events in Michael's life were just as responsible for his political thought as were those thinkers whom he was influenced by. Furthermore, the events in Michael's life made him willing to seek new ideas as an attempt to explain why things were the way they were.

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • Fat Activism
  • The struggle is not for martyrdom but for life
Fat Activism
A radical social movement, by Charlotte CooperHammer On Press, 2018
Read more
The struggle is not for martyrdom but for life
A critical discussion about armed struggle with anarchist guerillas in...
Read more
Understanding the Kurdish Resistance
Historical overview and eyewitness reportCrimethinc, 2015
Read more
Other Rojavas: Echos from the free commune of Barbacha
Chronicling an autonomous uprising in Northern Africa by Matouf...
Read more
Autonomous resistance to slavery and colonization
Two essays by Russell Maroon Shoatznot yr cister press
Read more
Breaking the waves
Challenging the liberal tendency within anarchist feminism, by Romina...
Read more
Socialism will be free, or it will not be at all!
An intro to libertarian socialism by Arthur PyeBlack Rose Anarchist...
Read more
Maximum Rocknroll *429
February 2019 issue, with year end Top tens!
Read more
DOPE 04
Winter 2018/19 issue of DOPE magazine
Read more
The Jungle
The 'uncensored original version' of the famous novel by Upton Sinclair...
Read more
Open Eyes, Unlock Doors
An experimental novel/non-fiction from Robnoxious. Independently printed...
Read more
Squash and Pumpkin
A vegan zine about cooking with squashes and pumpkins, by Tara Hill 2018
Read more
Rum Lad No. 12
Steve Larder's excellent personal comic zine. This issue is dedicated to...
Read more
As You Were
A punk comix anthology edited by Mitch Clem and Avi Ehrlich, volume 5:...
Read more
Re-Enchanting the World
Re-enchanting the World: Feminism and the Politics of the CommonsBy...
Read more
Whatever happened to the revolution?
Anarchist Communist Group 2018
Read more
2019 Herbalists without Borders Calendar
Herbs for resistance. Fundraising calendar for Herbalists without...
Read more
Is Class still relevant?
Pamphlet by the Anarchist Communist Group, 2018
Read more
To our compas in Buenos Aires - Castellano
Bilingual, paperback, Crimethinc and Black Mosquito 2018
Read more
To our compas in Buenos Aires - German
Bilingual, paperback, Crimethinc and Black Mosquito 2018
Read more

» All new products