Manufacturers

Barcelona 1936 sticker

Barcelona 1936 sticker

A commemorative design of the revolutionary struggle that took place in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War, produced in memory of Marina Ginesta.

More details


£0.07

Another of Seven's lovely designs shrunk to fit a sticker, :) 

 

 

This came from The Independent paper;

 

Marina Ginesta: activist, journalist and translator: born Toulouse 29 January 1919; died Paris 6 January 2014.

 

When Marina Ginesta heard on 18 July 1936 that the Spanish military had risen against the country's democratically elected government, her first thought was that the army's rebellion was to stop the People's Olympiad, the alternative Olympic Games in Barcelona planned in protest against those held in Nazi Germany in the same summer. "We had no idea what was really happening, we were that innocent," Ginesta, then a member of Spain's Socialist Youth movement and helping to organise the Olympiad, recalled.

Instead, the military uprising ushered in a brutal Civil War, and a photograph of Ginesta, born in Toulouse and believed to have been the last French survivor of the Spanish conflict, became one of its best-known images. Taken on 21 July 1936, the photo shows Ginesta as a 17-year-old militiawoman, standing bareheaded and smiling on the rooftop terrace of a central hotel in Barcelona. She has a look of innocence in her eyes, perhaps, but – as the rifle slung over her back would suggest – her idealistic determination to defend the Republic against the army's treachery and simultaneously implement a Socialist revolution in Spain is equally plain.

"It is a good photo, it reflects the feelings we had at the time," said Ginesta, whose parents were Spanish trade unionists. "Socialism had arrived and the clients of the hotel" – the now defunct Colon on the Plaza de Catalunya – "had gone. There was a sense of euphoria."

"We moved into the Colon" – which became the Communist and Socialist combined youth movement headquarters in Barcelona, festooned with images of Lenin and Stalin – "and we started eating good food. It was as if the bourgeois way of life had suddenly become ours as well.

"They say I have a striking way of looking at the camera. That's possible, because we were well aware of the mystique surrounding a revolution of the proletariat and the Hollywood films of the time, too [with stars] like Greta Garbo and Gary Cooper." However, for Ginesta and the other idealists of the time, the summer of 1936 represented the high-tide mark for Spain's revolution, as the bitterly fought Civil War ended with defeat for the Republic and exile or death for its defenders.

Ginesta never bore a gun again after that emblematic photo of youthful political resistance. Instead she worked as a translator for Pravda's Spanish correspondent, Mijail Koltsov – accused in some quarters of being a secret agent for Stalin – and later as a journalist for various Republican newspapers.

In her first job, she attended some of Koltsov's most high-profile interviews, including one with the Anarchist leader and hero Buenaventura Durruti in July 1936. She once said she believed their conversation, apparently of a highly political nature, upset the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin so much when he got wind of it that it led to the death of both Durruti, who was killed in mysterious circumstances on the Madrid frontline that November, and Koltsov's execution in 1940 in a Moscow purge.

As for the Republic, fighting between different political movements and a comparative dearth of military firepower thanks to the Western democracies' adherence to a non-intervention pact, effectively doomed it, but it still held out until 1 April 1939. During that period, while the publications Ginesta worked for cranked out increasingly unrealistic propaganda – "our duty was to keep the morale high amongst the combatants," she later explained – the Hotel Colon found itself on the frontline of those internal Republican divisions in May 1937. As outlined in George Orwell's Homage to Catalonia, the militias of a tiny left-wing party, the POUM, joined forces with the Anarchists in Barcelona to rebel against the increasingly dominant Communists, who used the same terraces where the photo of Ginesta had been taken for machine-gun posts as they fought for control of the city.

Less than a year had passed, but those heady summer months of 1936, when it felt like young Catalan revolutionaries such as Ginesta would change the world, must have seemed to have been lost forever. Following the Republic's defeat, an injured Ginesta faced exile, first in France and then, after Germany's invasion, in the Dominican Republic and Venezuela. Her photograph from July 1936, though, began to circulate widely, one of its most recent public appearance being on an exhibition poster in Germany – although Ginesta only become aware of its existence more than 50 years after it had been taken.

ALASDAIR FOTHERINGHAM

Cart  

No products

£0.00 Shipping
£0.00 Total

Cart Check out

New products

  • We Remember Wat Tyler
  • A Post Fordist struggle
We Remember Wat Tyler
An A6 pocket pamphlet celebrating the legendary rebel!
Read more
A Post Fordist struggle
Report & reflections on the UK Ford-Visteon dispute 2009.
Read more
Unwaged Fightback A History of Islington Action Group of the Unwaged, 1980 - 1986
UNWAGED FIGHTBACK, A History of Islington Action Group of the Unwaged,...
Read more
Strange Confused Tumults of the Mind
"STRANGE CONFUSED TUMULTS OF THE MINDE": Wanderings in the past, present...
Read more
The Wilhelmshaven Revolt
A Chapter of the Revolutionary Movement  in the German Navy 1918-1919....
Read more
May Day in South London by Neil Transpontine
For centuries people have been celebrating May Day in South London.
Read more
The Movement of Movements
What Makes Us Move?, the first of two volumes, provides a background and...
Read more
Bold Defiance
The Spitalfields Silkweavers: London’s Luddites?
Read more
William Covell and the Troubles at Enfield in 1659
WILLIAM COVELL AND THE TROUBLES AT ENFIELD IN 1659An enclosure struggle...
Read more
The Establishment Versus the Rotunda
THE ESTABLISHMENT VERSUS THE ROTUNDA! Remembering 1830s London's most...
Read more
I Haven't had so much fun since my leg fell off.
I HAVEN'T HAD SO MUCH FUN SINCE MY LEG FELL OFF, The North London Civil...
Read more
Rent Strike, St. Pancras 1960
RENT STRIKE: ST PANCRAS 1960 by Dave Burn
Read more
Menacing Language and Threats
“MENACING LANGUAGE AND THREATS” The Anti Corn Law Riots of 1815
Read more
Black Women Organising
BLACK WOMEN ORGANISING, The Brixton Black Women’s Group and the...
Read more
MAXIMUM ROCKNROLL *418 MARCH 2018
JJ Jacobson of OFFENDERS in memoriam, Dublin venue Karate Klub, MARTHA...
Read more
MAXIMUM ROCKNROLL *417 FEB 2018
Year-End Top Ten Issue! Top tens from 2017, photographs from Angela...
Read more
V is For Vegan
A hardcover book subtitled "The ABCs of Being Kind" by Ruby Roth
Read more

» All new products